Species of Greatest Conservation Need

Resource Forest Type Category
BROWN THRASHER
The brown thrasher (Toxostoma rufum) is common to fairly common in BCR 14. It prefers low dense woody thickets in the oak, pine-oak-maple or pine…
Oak-Pine, Pine-Oak-Maple Bird
CANADA LYNX
Canada lynx are medium-sized cats, generally measuring 30 to 35 inches and weighing 18 to 23 pounds. They have large, well-furred feet and long legs…
Mixedwood, Spruce-Fir, Balsam Fir (High), Red Spruce (High), Spruce-Fir (High) Mammal
CANADA WARBLER
The Canada warbler (Wilsonia Canadensis) is a fairly common breeder in BCR 14. It prefers deciduous forest with a dense understory, especially along…
Mixedwood, Oak-Pine, Northern Red Oak, Southern Hardwoods, Red Maple, Silver Maple, Speckled Alder Bird
CAPE MAY WARBLER
The Cape May warbler (Dendroica tigrina) is a scarce to uncommon breeder in BCR 14. It prefers boreal situations containing mature spruce. It is…
Spruce-Fir, Balsam Fir, Red Spruce, Spruce-Fir Bird
CERULEAN WARBLER
The cerulean warbler (Dendroica cerulea) is a rare and local breeder primarily in the southern portions of BCR 14. Its population may be slowly…
Non-Forest, Palustrine, Oak-Pine, Northern Red Oak, Pine-Oak-Maple Bird
CLIFF SWALLOW
The cliff swallow (Petrochelidon pyrrhonota) is a common to locally common breeder in the northern portions of BCR 14. It prefers open areas such as…
Non-Forest, Upland Bird
COMMON NIGHTHAWK
The common nighthawk (Chordeiles minor) was a relatively common breeder throughout BCR 14 but its populations are declining rapidly. It prefers large…
Oak-Pine, Pine-Oak-Maple Bird
EASTERN BOX TURTLE
The eastern box turtle (Terrapene carolina carolina) is a small 4.5- to 7-inch terrestrial turtle with a highly domed shell and variable patterning.…
Aspen/Birch, Aspen, Paper Birch, Non-Forest, Upland, Northern Hardwoods, Beech, Sugar Maple, Sugar Maple-Beech-Yellow Birch, Yellow Birch, Oak-Pine, Pine-Oak-Maple Reptile / Amphibian
EASTERN HOGNOSE SNAKE
The eastern hognose snake (Heterodon platirhinos) is a thick bodied snake measuring 20 to 35 inches with a characteristic upturned snout and keeled…
Non-Forest, Palustrine, Upland, Oak-Pine, Eastern White Pine, Northern Red Oak, Pine-Oak-Maple Reptile / Amphibian
EASTERN KINGBIRD
The Eastern kingbird (Tyrannus tryannus) is relatively common in BCR 14. It prefers open areas with scattered trees to perch in for feeding. It is…
Non-Forest, Upland, Northern Hardwoods, Beech, Sugar Maple, Sugar Maple-Beech-Yellow Birch, Yellow Birch Bird
EASTERN MEADOWLARK
The Eastern meadowlark (Sturnella magna) is a declining species in BCR 14. It prefers extensive open grassland with elevated perches. It is listed as…
Non-Forest, Upland Bird
EASTERN RIBBON SNAKE
The Eastern ribbon snake (Thamnophis sauritus sauritus) is a very slender snake measuring 16 to 35 inches. It has three yellow or greenish stripes…
Non-Forest, Palustrine Reptile / Amphibian
EASTERN SMALL-FOOTED BAT
The Eastern small-footed bat (Myotis leibii) is an uncommon species in BCR 14. It winters in caves and mines and uses cliffs, rocks and buildings in…
Non-Forest, Upland, Spruce-Fir, Balsam Fir (High), Red Spruce (High), Spruce-Fir (High) Mammal
EASTERN TOWHEE
The Eastern Towhee (Pipilo erythrophthalmus) is a large sparrow that forages in the leaf litter in disturbed forests and dry forest edges. Towhee…
Oak-Pine, Eastern White Pine, Northern Red Oak, Pine-Oak-Maple Bird
FIELD SPARROW
The field sparrow (Spizella pusilla) is a common to uncommon breeder in BCR 14. It prefers open grassy areas with low shrubs or trees. These sparrows…
Non-Forest, Upland, Northern Hardwoods, Beech, Sugar Maple, Sugar Maple-Beech-Yellow Birch, Yellow Birch Bird
FIVE-LINED SKINK
As its name implies, the five-lined skink (Eumeces fasciatus) has five cream-colored lines extending the length of its greenish black body. Juveniles…
Northern Hardwoods, Beech, Sugar Maple, Sugar Maple-Beech-Yellow Birch, Yellow Birch, Oak-Pine, Pine-Oak-Maple Reptile / Amphibian
FOWLER'S TOAD
The Fowler’s toad (Anaxyrus fowleri) is a small 2- to 3-inch toad that typically has three or more warts in each of the largest, dark spots with the…
Aspen/Birch, Aspen, Paper Birch, Non-Forest, Palustrine, Oak-Pine, Pine-Oak-Maple Reptile / Amphibian
GOLDEN-WINGED WARBLER
The golden-winged warbler (Vermivora chrysoptera) is a rare breeder in BCR 14. It is listed as a Species of Greatest Conservation Need in one or more…
Non-Forest, Upland, Northern Hardwoods, Beech, Sugar Maple, Sugar Maple-Beech-Yellow Birch, Yellow Birch Bird
HOARY BAT
The hoary bat (Lasiurus cinereus) is an uncommon migratory bat that leaves the region in the winter for the most part. In summer it roosts in tree…
Aspen/Birch, Aspen, Paper Birch, Hemlock, Non-Forest, Palustrine, Upland, Northern Hardwoods, Beech, Sugar Maple, Sugar Maple-Beech-Yellow Birch, Yellow Birch, Oak-Pine, Eastern White Pine, Northern Red Oak, Pine-Oak-Maple, Southern Hardwoods, Red Maple, Silver Maple, Speckled Alder, Spruce-Fir, Balsam Fir, Red Spruce, Spruce-Fir Mammal
INDIANA BAT
The Indiana bat (Myotis sodalis), a federally-listed endangered species, occurs in BCR 14 but only in the Champlain Valley in Vermont. It hibernates…
Aspen/Birch, Aspen, Paper Birch, Hemlock, Mixedwood, Non-Forest, Palustrine, Upland, Northern Hardwoods, Beech, Sugar Maple, Sugar Maple-Beech-Yellow Birch, Yellow Birch, Oak-Pine, Eastern White Pine, Northern Red Oak, Pine-Oak-Maple, Southern Hardwoods, Red Maple, Silver Maple, Speckled Alder, Spruce-Fir, Balsam Fir, Red Spruce, Spruce-Fir Mammal